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Description for Jasminum sambac, Mogra, Arabian Jasmine
Jasminum sambac is a species of jasmine native to a small region in the eastern Himalayas in Bhutan, Pakistan, Karachi and neighbouring India. It is cultivated in many places, especially across much of South and Southeast Asia.
Jasminum sambac is a small shrub or vine growing up to 0.5 to 3 m (1.6 to 9.8 ft) in height. It is widely cultivated for its attractive and sweetly fragrant flowers. The flowers are also used for perfumes and for making tea. It is known as the Arabian jasmine in English.
It is the national flower of the Philippines, where it is known as Sampaguita. It is also one of the three national flowers of Indonesia, where it is known as Melati Putih
Planting and care
Layers or rooted cuttings are planted in pits 30 x 30 x 30 cm with a spacing of 1.25 m, during June to November. 20 kg FYM per pit can apply before planting.
Caring for Jasminum sambac
- Water Jasmine plant thoroughly until water comes out the drainage holes, but always keep the drip tray empty.
- Reduce the frequency of watering in winter.
- The vines need to be trained early when they are young.
- Apply fertilizer to the plant in spring just before new growth appears.
- Pinch off the tips of the vines in the second year to promote branching which will fill the trellis with bushy growth.
Typical uses of Jasminum sambac
Special features: The fragrance is heavenly especially in the evenings as the flowers open after sunset and in the hot summers, the plant is in its full beauty.
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: It is used as the ornamental shrub plant.
Medicinal use: It is considered to be an apt and biological cure for jaundice and other venereal diseases. The flower buds help in the treatment of ulcers, vesicles, boils, skin diseases and eye disorders. The leaves extract against breast tumours. Drinking Jasmine tea regularly helps in curing cancer. Its oil is very effective in calming and relaxing.
- Note: Use only after consulting the specialist.